BASIC INFO OF MONTENEGRO
On the 21st of May 2006, after 88 years as part of Yugoslavia, Montenegro reappeared on the map of Europe, in the club of independent nations which it joined for the first time in 1878. Although national and tourist promotion portrays it as a Mediterranean land, the landscape resembles much more the etymology of its name, Crna Gora (in Italian Montagna Nera) translated in English as the Black Mountain, and indeed it is high mountains that occupy more than three-quarters of territory. Until a few years ago the country’s beautiful Adriatic coast was the hidden gem of the Mediterranean but its sandy coves and pretty fishing villages are becoming once again the playground for tourists from all around the world. The rugged scenery of the interior, the craggy peaks of the Dinaric Alps, and the deep canyons and broad plateaus between them are a delight for adventures ready to explore some of the least known, yet most beautiful corners of Europe. Although counted amongst one of the smallest countries in Europe, Montenegro displays a remarkable geographic diversity.
Beguiling seascapes with tall mountains looming over the gentile beaches characterize most of the coastland, but it is Boka Kotorska (the Gulf of Kotor) with its fjord-like appearance and medieval township Kotor that represents its most distinguishing feature. In the central region mountains for a moment yield to the flat and fertile plain in which lies the nation’s capital Podgorica and the nearby Skadarsko Lake, a marshy bird sanctuary with villages of stone houses scattered along its coast. The north and the east seem lost in the endless lines of mountains, carved with deep canyons, amongst them that of the River Tara, the second deepest in the world. Montenegro is changing rapidly and the contrasts of old and new will all the times bewilder the visitors. In the backwater rural communities far from major roads, people stick to the traditional sheep and cattle breeding as well as the notions of stoic bravery were forged by the centuries-long resistance of the Turks. On the other hand, fashionable coast resorts such as Sveti Stefan, the raving Budva, or the posh restaurants in Podgorica embody the other face of this fast-changing nation.
Montenegro Hostel Team